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10 Ancient Dog Breeds with Rich History and Heritage

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Dogs have been faithful companions to humans for centuries, with their loyalty, intelligence, and unwavering companionship. Some dog breeds have a rich history that stretches back thousands of years, carrying with them tales of ancient civilizations, royal patronage, and remarkable working abilities. In this blog post, we will delve into the captivating world of 10 ancient dog breeds with deep-rooted histories and cultural significance.

10 Ancient Dog Breeds

1. Akita

The Akita is a Japanese breed known for its loyalty, courage, and noble appearance. Originating from the mountainous regions of Japan, Akitas were originally bred for hunting large game, such as bears and boars. They were also revered as symbols of good health, happiness, and protection. Akitas have a distinctive bear-like face, thick double coat, and a curled tail.

Akita dog

They are known for their strong guarding instincts and unwavering loyalty to their families. Akitas are intelligent, independent, and require consistent training and socialization. Despite their protective nature, they can be gentle and affectionate with their loved ones. Today, Akitas are popular both as family companions and working dogs.

2. Basenji

The Basenji is a unique breed originating from Central Africa. Known as the “barkless dog,” Basenjis are characterized by their yodel-like vocalizations instead of regular barking. They have a sleek, muscular build, a short, fine coat, and expressive almond-shaped eyes. Basenjis were initially bred for hunting small game in the dense forests of Africa.Basenji dog

They are agile, independent, and possess a strong prey drive. Basenjis are intelligent, but they also have a mischievous streak. They are known for their curiosity and can be somewhat aloof with strangers. With proper training and socialization, Basenjis make loving and devoted companions.

3. Chow Chow

The Chow Chow is an ancient breed originating from China, with a history that spans over 2,000 years. Chow Chows were initially bred for various purposes, including hunting, herding, and guarding. They have a distinctive appearance with a lion-like mane, a dense double coat, and a blue-black tongue. Chow Chows are sturdy, independent, and possess a dignified and aloof demeanor.

Chow Chow

They are known for their strong loyalty and bond with their families, although they can be reserved with strangers. Chow Chows require consistent training and socialization from an early age to prevent behavioral issues. Despite their independent nature, they can be loving and protective of their loved ones.

4. Saluki

The Saluki is a breed often referred to as the “Royal Dog of Egypt” due to its ancient lineage and association with nobility. With origins in the Middle East, Salukis were highly prized for their exceptional hunting skills and their ability to withstand harsh desert climates. They have a graceful and elegant appearance, with a slender, athletic build, and a silky, flowing coat.

Saluki dog price in india

Salukis are known for their incredible speed, endurance, and keen sight. They have a gentle and affectionate nature, forming strong bonds with their families. Salukis are generally good with children and can coexist peacefully with other pets when properly introduced. However, their independent nature requires patient and consistent training to ensure a well-behaved companion.

5. Shiba Inu

The Shiba Inu is a small and ancient Japanese breed that is known for its spirited personality and keen intelligence. They were originally bred for hunting small game in mountainous regions. Shiba Inus have a compact and muscular build, with a curled tail and a thick double coat that comes in various colors.

Shiba Inu

They are independent and confident dogs, often displaying a cat-like agility and cleanliness. Shiba Inus are loyal and affectionate with their families, but they can be reserved and aloof with strangers. They are fastidious self-groomers and require regular mental and physical exercise to stay happy and healthy.

6. Afghan Hound

The Afghan Hound is a breed with a captivating history that traces back to ancient Afghanistan. Known for their elegant appearance and flowing coat, Afghan Hounds were highly valued for their hunting abilities and their ability to withstand the harsh climates of the region. They have a regal and dignified presence, with a long, silky coat that requires regular grooming.

Afghan Hound

Afghan Hounds are gentle and affectionate with their families but can be independent and somewhat aloof with strangers. They are sighthounds, meaning they have excellent vision and speed, making them skilled hunters. Afghan Hounds thrive in a calm and loving environment that provides them with regular exercise and mental stimulation.

7. Pekingese

Originating from China, the Pekingese is a small toy breed with a rich history dating back thousands of years. They were favored by Chinese royalty and considered sacred companions. Pekingese have a distinctive appearance with a flat face, long flowing coat, and a confident, regal demeanor. Despite their small size, they possess a brave and protective nature.


Pekingese are known for their loyalty and devotion to their families. They can be somewhat aloof with strangers but are generally loving and affectionate with their loved ones. Pekingese require regular grooming to maintain their luxurious coat and benefit from early socialization and consistent training to ensure good behavior.

8. Irish Wolfhound

The Irish Wolfhound is a gentle giant with a history deeply rooted in Irish culture and mythology. They are one of the tallest dog breeds and have a noble and majestic appearance. Irish Wolfhounds were historically used for hunting wolves, boars, and other large game. They have a muscular build, a shaggy coat, and a friendly expression.


Irish Wolfhound

Despite their size, they are known for their gentle and friendly nature. Irish Wolfhounds are excellent family companions, gentle with children, and generally get along well with other dogs. They have a calm and patient temperament, but early training and socialization are important to ensure their well-being and good behavior.

9. Samoyed

The Samoyed is a breed originating from Siberia and has a long history as a working dog with the Samoyede people of Northern Russia. They were primarily used for herding reindeer, pulling sleds, and keeping their human companions warm in the cold Arctic regions. Samoyeds have a striking appearance with a dense, fluffy double coat, erect ears, and a perpetual smile.


They are known for their friendly and sociable nature, often referred to as “smiling sled dogs.” Samoyeds are intelligent and adaptable, making them versatile family pets. They thrive on human companionship and are generally good with children and other pets. Samoyeds require regular grooming to maintain their beautiful coat and enjoy engaging in activities that keep them mentally and physically stimulated.

10. Tibetan Mastiff

The Tibetan Mastiff is a large and powerful breed that originated in Tibet and is known for its impressive size and protective nature. They were traditionally used as guardian dogs, protecting livestock and properties in the Himalayan region. Tibetan Mastiffs have a robust build, a thick double coat, and a distinctive lion-like mane around their neck.

Tibetan Mastiff

They have a calm and patient temperament and are known for their loyalty and dedication to their families. Tibetan Mastiffs are independent and strong-willed, requiring consistent and firm training from an early age. They are natural guardians and have a protective instinct, making them excellent watchdogs.

Tibetan Mastiffs form deep bonds with their families and are generally good with children when properly socialized. Their size and protective nature make them better suited for experienced dog owners who can provide them with the necessary training, socialization, and space to thrive.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are Akitas good with children?

Akitas can be good with children if properly trained and socialized from an early age, but supervision is recommended due to their protective nature.

Do Basenjis require a lot of exercise?

Basenjis are an active breed and require daily exercise, but their exercise needs can be met with regular walks and playtime.

Are Chow Chows good for first-time dog owners?

Chow Chows can be challenging for first-time dog owners due to their independent nature and strong-willed personality. Experienced owners are recommended.

Are Salukis good family pets?

Salukis can make excellent family pets, but they require proper socialization and a safe, secure environment due to their sighthound instincts.

Are Shiba Inus easy to train?

Shiba Inus are intelligent but can be independent and stubborn, making training a challenge. Consistent training methods and positive reinforcement are key.

Do Afghan Hounds shed a lot?

Afghan Hounds have a long and silky coat that requires regular grooming and sheds moderately throughout the year.

Do Samoyeds get along well with children?

Samoyeds are known for their friendly and gentle nature, making them generally good with children and often referred to as “smiling sled dogs.”

Are Tibetan Mastiffs aggressive?

Tibetan Mastiffs have a protective instinct, but aggression can occur if not properly trained and socialized. Early socialization is crucial.


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  • Hey pet lovers ! I am Deepali H passionate pet lover and writer who enjoys sharing tips, facts and information about Pets .With 3 years of experience in the pet industry, I have a wealth of knowledge to offer readers. I hope you will like my articles. Thank you !

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