When it comes to adorable and fluffy companion dogs, the German Spitz and the Pomeranian often steal the show. These two breeds share many similarities, but they also have distinct characteristics that set them apart. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the world of German Spitz and Pomeranian dogs, exploring their origins, appearances, temperaments, exercise needs, grooming requirements, and more. By the end of this article, you’ll have a clearer understanding of these delightful breeds and be better equipped to make an informed decision about which one might be the perfect addition to your family.
German Spitz vs Pomeranian
German spitz vs Pomeranian: History and Origins
The German Spitz is an ancient breed with a rich history in Germany. It belongs to the larger Spitz family, which encompasses several other Spitz-type breeds. These dogs have been around for centuries, with evidence of their existence dating back to the Stone Age.
Initially, German Spitz dogs were bred as versatile working dogs. They were commonly found on farms, where they excelled at various tasks such as herding livestock, guarding the property, and even pulling small carts. The breed’s alertness, intelligence, and agility made them valuable working companions.
Over time, as their working roles diminished, German Spitz dogs became popular as companions and family pets due to their affectionate nature and striking appearance. They were exhibited in dog shows and gained recognition for their elegance and charm. Today, the German Spitz is available in different sizes, ranging from the Giant Spitz to the Toy Spitz, each with its own unique characteristics.
The Pomeranian, despite its small size, has a fascinating history that can be traced back to the region of Pomerania, which was located in present-day Germany and Poland. It is believed to have descended from larger Spitz-type dogs used for herding and pulling sleds in the Arctic regions.
The breed’s name is derived from the Pomerania region, where it was selectively bred down in size through careful breeding programs. This process of miniaturization occurred in the 19th century, primarily in England, during the reign of Queen Victoria, who had a great influence on popularizing the breed.
Queen Victoria’s love for Pomeranians played a pivotal role in reducing their size and enhancing their distinct characteristics. Through selective breeding, the larger Pomeranians were crossed with smaller individuals, resulting in the diminutive size and fluffy coat that we associate with the breed today.
Queen Victoria’s dedication to the breed contributed significantly to its popularity, and Pomeranians quickly became fashionable companions among the aristocracy. They were widely exhibited in dog shows and their recognition as a separate breed solidified.
German spitz vs Pomeranian: Appearance
The German Spitz comes in various sizes, including the Giant, Standard, Small, and Toy Spitz. Regardless of size, German Spitz dogs share a common appearance. They have a well-proportioned body with a square build and a proud carriage. Their head is fox-like, with a defined stop and a moderately broad muzzle. The eyes are medium-sized and oval-shaped, expressing an alert and intelligent expression. German Spitz dogs have small, pointed ears that are set high on the head and stand erect.
One of the most notable features of the German Spitz is their double coat, which is thick and profuse. The outer coat is straight and harsh, while the undercoat is dense and soft. The coat comes in a variety of colors, including white, black, brown, orange, and cream. German Spitz dogs have a prominent ruff around their necks, and the tail is plumed and carried over the back.
The Pomeranian is a small toy-sized breed with a compact and well-balanced body. They have a foxy face, with a delicate and expressive expression. The head is wedge-shaped, and the muzzle is short and straight. Pomeranians have bright, almond-shaped eyes that are set well apart, giving them an intelligent and alert look. The ears are small and erect, adding to their overall charm.
What sets the Pomeranian apart is their luxurious double coat, which is one of their most distinctive features. The outer coat is long, straight, and abundant, while the undercoat is dense and soft. The breed is renowned for its “pom-pom” appearance, with a fluffy mane around the neck and a plumed tail that arches over the back. Pomeranians come in a wide range of coat colors, including orange, black, white, cream, blue, sable, and many more.
German spitz vs Pomeranian: Temperament
German Spitz dogs are known for their intelligence, loyalty, and alertness. They are generally friendly and affectionate with their families and form strong bonds with their owners. However, German Spitz dogs tend to be reserved and aloof with strangers, displaying a cautious and watchful nature. This reserved behavior makes them excellent watchdogs, as they will alert their owners to any potential threats.
While German Spitz dogs can be independent thinkers, they are also highly trainable. They are quick to learn and can excel in obedience training with consistent, positive reinforcement methods. Early socialization is crucial for German Spitz dogs to ensure they develop into well-rounded individuals. Proper socialization helps them become more comfortable and accepting of new people, animals, and environments.
In terms of energy levels, German Spitz dogs are moderately active. They enjoy regular exercise, such as daily walks and playtime, to keep them mentally and physically stimulated. Engaging their minds through puzzle toys or training exercises is also beneficial to prevent boredom.
Pomeranians are known for their vibrant personalities and outgoing nature. They are highly sociable and often get along well with people, including children. Pomeranians thrive on attention and love to be the center of their family’s world. They are loyal and devoted to their owners, forming strong bonds and often displaying a protective streak.
Pomeranians are confident and outgoing, which can make them more inclined to approach strangers with a friendly demeanor. Their extroverted nature makes them less reserved compared to German Spitz dogs. However, it’s important to note that individual temperaments can vary, and proper socialization from a young age is still necessary to ensure they interact positively with other animals and people.
Despite their small size, Pomeranians have a surprising amount of energy. They are lively and enjoy activities that keep them mentally stimulated. Regular exercises, such as daily walks and playtime, are essential to prevent behavioral issues and keep them physically fit. Pomeranians also thrive on interactive play and love engaging with their owners through training exercises or games.
Video credit – Little Paws Training
German spitz vs Pomeranian: Health
German Spitz dogs are generally considered to be a healthy breed. However, like all dogs, they can be prone to certain genetic health conditions that are worth noting:
Patellar Luxation: This condition involves the kneecap (patella) slipping out of place, which can cause lameness and discomfort.
Hip Dysplasia: Hip dysplasia is a common condition in many dog breeds. It occurs when the hip joint does not develop properly, leading to issues with mobility and potentially causing pain.
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): PRA is a group of genetic eye diseases that can lead to progressive vision loss and, in severe cases, blindness. Regular eye examinations by a veterinarian can help detect and manage this condition.
Dental Issues: German Spitz dogs may be prone to dental problems, including tooth decay and gum disease. Regular dental care, including brushing and professional cleanings, is important to maintain oral health.
Allergies: Some German Spitz dogs may develop allergies, including food allergies or environmental allergies. Identifying and managing these allergies typically involves dietary adjustments or environmental modifications.
Pomeranians are generally healthy dogs, but like any breed, they can be susceptible to certain health conditions, including:
Luxating Patella: Similar to German Spitz dogs, Pomeranians can be prone to patellar luxation, where the kneecap dislocates from its normal position.
Dental Disease: Pomeranians may be more prone to dental problems such as tooth decay, gum disease, and early tooth loss. Regular dental care, including brushing and professional cleanings, is important to maintain good oral hygiene.
Collapsed Trachea: Pomeranians have a delicate trachea, which can sometimes collapse or narrow, leading to breathing difficulties, coughing, and gagging.
Alopecia X: Alopecia X, also known as black skin disease, is a condition that can cause hair loss and changes in skin pigmentation. While the exact cause is not fully understood, hormonal imbalances are believed to play a role.
Eye Issues: Pomeranians can be prone to certain eye problems, including cataracts, dry eye (keratoconjunctivitis sicca), and progressive retinal atrophy (PRA). Regular eye examinations can help detect and manage these conditions.
German spitz vs Pomeranian: Trainability
German Spitz dogs are known for their intelligence and willingness to please their owners. They have a good capacity for learning and can excel in obedience training. However, they also have an independent streak, which can make training a bit challenging at times.
To effectively train a German Spitz, it’s important to use positive reinforcement techniques such as rewards, praise, and treats. They respond well to consistency, patience, and clear communication. Early socialization is crucial to ensure that German Spitz dogs become well-rounded individuals and can interact positively with other animals and people.
German Spitz dogs are quick learners, but they may sometimes exhibit a stubborn or selective behavior when it comes to training. It’s important to make training sessions interesting, varied, and engaging to keep them motivated. They thrive on mental stimulation, so incorporating puzzle toys or training exercises that challenge their minds can be beneficial.
Pomeranians are intelligent dogs that can be trained successfully with the right approach. They are generally eager to please and enjoy learning new things. Pomeranians respond well to positive reinforcement methods and thrive on praise and rewards.
Early socialization and basic obedience training are essential for Pomeranians. Exposing them to various environments, people, and animals from a young age helps them develop confidence and adaptability. Positive experiences during socialization can help prevent any tendencies towards shyness or fearfulness.
While Pomeranians are generally trainable, they can sometimes display a strong-willed or independent nature. Consistency, patience, and positive reinforcement are key to successful training sessions. It’s important to keep training sessions short, engaging, and fun to hold their attention and maintain their interest.
Pomeranians have a quick minds and enjoy learning tricks and commands. They also have a tendency to bark, so it’s important to include training for proper barking behavior and provide them with alternative outlets for their energy and vocalization.
German Spitz vs Pomeranian: Adaptability
German Spitz dogs are generally adaptable and can adjust well to different living situations. They can thrive in apartments or houses, as long as they receive adequate exercise and mental stimulation. German Spitz dogs are known to be alert and watchful, making them excellent watchdogs in any environment.
While they are adaptable, German Spitz dogs do have a moderate activity level and require regular exercise to prevent boredom and maintain their overall well-being. Daily walks, playtime, and interactive activities are important to keep them physically and mentally stimulated.
German Spitz dogs are generally independent thinkers and can entertain themselves to some extent. However, they also enjoy being a part of their families and thrive on companionship. They can be adaptable to different family dynamics but may develop a strong bond with one or a few individuals.
Pomeranians are highly adaptable dogs and can adjust well to different living situations. Despite their small size, they have a confident and outgoing nature, which can make them suitable for both apartments and houses. Pomeranians can adapt to urban or rural environments as long as they receive the necessary exercise and mental stimulation.
Although they are adaptable, Pomeranians have a relatively high energy level for their size. Daily exercise, including walks, playtime, and interactive games, is important to prevent them from becoming restless or developing behavioral issues.
Pomeranians thrive on human companionship and are known to form strong bonds with their owners. They can adapt well to different family structures and tend to get along with children and other pets when properly socialized. However, their small size means they need supervision and protection from potential harm, especially when interacting with larger dogs or young children.
German spitz vs Pomeranian: Nutrition
Proper nutrition is vital for the health and well-being of any dog, including the German Spitz and the Pomeranian. While both breeds have similar dietary needs, it’s important to consider their individual size, activity level, and any specific health concerns. Let’s delve into the nutrition requirements for German Spitz and Pomeranians.
Balanced Diet: Both German Spitz and Pomeranians require a balanced diet that includes high-quality dog food formulated for their specific life stage (puppy, adult, or senior). Look for dog food that meets the standards set by reputable organizations, such as the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO).
Portion Control: Portion control is crucial to prevent obesity and maintain a healthy weight for both breeds. Follow the feeding guidelines provided by the dog food manufacturer, but keep in mind that individual metabolism and activity levels may vary. Monitor your dog’s body condition and adjust the portion size accordingly to ensure they maintain a healthy weight.
Nutritional Requirements: Both breeds require a diet that is rich in protein, which is essential for muscle development and overall health. Dog food should also contain appropriate levels of fats for energy, as well as essential fatty acids for healthy skin and coat. Carbohydrates in the form of whole grains or vegetables provide a source of energy.
Small Breed Formulas: Consider feeding your German Spitz or Pomeranian a dog food specifically formulated for small breeds. These formulas often contain smaller kibble sizes and are tailored to meet the nutritional needs of smaller dogs. They may also include ingredients that support dental health, such as promoting tartar control.
Special Dietary Needs: Some German Spitz and Pomeranians may have specific dietary needs or sensitivities. If your dog has any food allergies or sensitivities, consult with your veterinarian to determine the best diet for their specific needs. They may recommend a specialized diet or elimination trial to identify and manage any food allergies or intolerances.
Hydration: Ensure your German Spitz or Pomeranian has access to fresh water at all times. Proper hydration is essential for their overall health and helps maintain proper organ function.
Treats and Table Scraps: Limit the number of treats and table scraps you give to your dog. While it’s tempting to share food with them, many human foods can be harmful to dogs. Stick to dog-approved treats or consider using small portions of their regular food as treats to avoid unnecessary weight gain or digestive issues.
Regular Vet Check-ups: Regular veterinary check-ups are important for monitoring your dog’s overall health and nutritional needs. Your vet can provide guidance on the appropriate diet for your German Spitz or Pomeranian based on their individual needs.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the size difference between German Spitz and Pomeranian?
German Spitz dogs are larger compared to Pomeranians. The German Spitz typically stands between 11 to 15 inches (28 to 38 cm) tall at the shoulder and weighs around 24 to 26 pounds (11 to 12 kg) on average. Pomeranians, on the other hand, are much smaller, standing only about 6 to 7 inches (15 to 18 cm) tall and weighing around 3 to 7 pounds (1 to 3 kg).
Are German Spitz and Pomeranians good with children?
Both German Spitz and Pomeranians can be good with children when properly socialized and trained from an early age. However, due to their small size, Pomeranians should be supervised around young children to prevent accidental injury. It’s important to teach children how to interact gently and respectfully with any dog.
Do German Spitz and Pomeranians require a lot of grooming?
Yes, both breeds require regular grooming to maintain their coat health. German Spitz dogs have a thick, double coat that requires regular brushing to prevent matting and to control shedding. They typically have a heavier shedding season twice a year.
Pomeranians have a dense, fluffy double coat that also requires regular brushing to prevent tangles and to maintain their characteristic “pom-pom” appearance. Additionally, regular attention should be given to their dental hygiene, nail trimming, and ear cleaning.
Are German Spitz and Pomeranians good for apartment living?
Yes, both German Spitz and Pomeranians can adapt well to apartment living. However, it’s important to provide them with regular exercise and mental stimulation to prevent restlessness or boredom. Taking them for daily walks, providing playtime, and engaging them with interactive toys and training exercises are essential to meet their exercise needs.
Are German Spitz and Pomeranians good for first-time dog owners?
Both breeds can be suitable for first-time dog owners, but it’s important for owners to understand their specific needs and be committed to providing proper care, training, and socialization.
German Spitz dogs may require consistent training and early socialization to manage their independent nature, while Pomeranians may benefit from early socialization and training to prevent excessive barking.
Are German Spitz and Pomeranians easy to house train?
Both German Spitz and Pomeranians have the potential to be house-trained effectively. However, it’s important to note that small breeds, such as Pomeranians, may have smaller bladders and may require more frequent trips outdoors during the house training process.
Consistency, positive reinforcement, and establishing a routine are key factors in successful house training. Crate training can also be helpful in teaching them bladder control and providing a safe space for them when unsupervised.